Baguio City can be reached from the lowland areas via three (3)
national roads namely; Quirino Highway better known as Naguilian
Road, Kennon Road and Marcos Highway. It can also be reached from
the northern highland areas via the Ambuclao Road and the Halsema
These highways and major arteries lead centrally to the Central
Business District (CBD) which makes the traffic circulation system
The concentration of urban services at the Central Business District
is the major cause of traffic congestion. This problem is aggravated
by uncontrolled parking within the Central Business District and
the lack of designated parking areas.
According to the Land Transportation Office, there are a total
17,210 vehicles registered in the city in 1996, 68.94% of these
total are private cars, while 27.43% are public utility vehicles.
The remaining 3.63% are government-owned. Many public utility vehicles
are in poor condition and contribute to air pollution.
The City of Baguio enjoys a climate that is cooler than the rest
of its lowland neighbors. It has two weather seasons, the dry that
lasts from November to April and the wet season that follows the
remaining months thereafter. Average temperature is 19.7 degrees
Celsius with February being the coldest month and April as the warmest
Mineral deposits are found in the city for both metallic and non-metallic.
Within the city limits, metallic deposits of gold and silver are
present, while non-metallic resources that includes silica and limestone
also abound. It is believed, that an additional 535,732 metric tons
of limestone deposits can still be mined at the Benguet Corporation
area at Irisan. There are also positive indications of gold deposits
at the Kias area.
There are six (6) forest reserves in the city with a total area
of 3,548.7684 hectares. The most extensive of these reservations
is the Santo Tomas Forest Reserve with an area of 3,114 hectares,
more or less. This reservation serves as a reservoir for the city's
water supply and is harnessed to generate Hydro-Electric Plant No.
1 which is owned by the City of Baguio being operated by the Baguio
Water District. Part of this reservation is situated within Tuba,
The other forest reserves include:
* Busol Watershed with an area of 336.5854 hectares.* Forbes Park
(Parcels I, II, III) with an area of 46.7100 hectares.* Crystal
Cave with an area of 4.0730 hectares.* Camp 8 with an area of 27.5000
hectares, and the* Buyog with an area of 19.9000 hectares.